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Sleep Apnea

apnea

What is it? Sleep Apnea is a respiratory disorder which is depicted as a temporary interruption of breathing in sleep, lasting more than 10 seconds.

When talking about respiratory reduction, we are referring to hipoapnea whereas apnea refers to respiratory detention.

Such pauses can be repeated from 5 to 30 times an hour. 30 times is considered to be a sign of severe apnea.

Risk factors Short underjaw, certain palate or respiratory path shapes, big neck and/or tongue, obesity, big amygdala, frequent face up sleeping.

Symptoms

  • At night: snoring, abnormal motor activity, sleep interruption, urinary incontinence, gastroesophageal refluxes, sweating, convulsions and insomnia.
  • During day: fatigue, bad mood, impatience and irritability, memory deficit, intellectual impairment, concentration difficulties, somnolence, headache, impotency, decreased livido, mouth dryness, voice alterations.
  • Other problems which may occur: depression, hyperactive behaviour (especially in children), arterial hypertension, leg swelling, coronary heart disease, chronic diurnal hypoventilation.

Significant improvement after CPAP use: snoring elimination, prevention of awakenings and sleep normalization, favouring nocturnal rest.

Other important CPAP functions:

  • Excessive diurnal somnolence decrease or elimination
  • Attention ability recovery
  • Life quality improvement
  • Reduced traffic accident risks
  • Normalization of arterial pressure
  • Cardiac insufficiency improvement
  • In general, body regeneration.

Sleep Apnea association with other disorders: Sleep apnea is associated with other pathologies, such as Down syndrome, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer or ictus among others. Airmony contributes to  improve prognosis as it maintains an appropriate cerebral oxygenation.